CO Data

Cellulosic Fibres and Preferred Cellulosics

Cellulosic fibres like viscose are widely used and produced from plant or tree cellulose in a chemical-intensive process. More sustainable types like modal and lyocell are increasingly being used.

Cellulosic fibres and fabrics are a class of materials derived from the cellulose found in wood pulp and other woody plants such as bamboo. The raw material is crushed or melted, mixed with caustic soda, processed with carbon disulphide, and more caustic soda, before finally being pushed through a spinneret (like a fine sieve) into a bath of sulphuric acid to create the fibres.

The most common form of cellulose is viscose – a fabric that was invented in the late 1800s and first marketed as ‘ra…