CO Data

Silk and Sustainable Silk

Silk is a luxury commodity, produced mostly in a few countries but predominantly in China. ‘Preferred silks’ are: organically produced silk, ‘peace silk’ (more humanely produced) and fair trade silk.

Silk is produced from cocoons spun by the bombyx mori species of silkworm, typically reared on mulberry leaves. This highly lucrative fibre is traded internationally but accounts for a relatively small proportion of total fibre use, while ‘preferred silks’ comprise an even smaller share.

More than 60 countries around the world produce silk, but the bulk of production is concentrated in only a handful of places – China, India, Uzbekistan, Brazil, Japan, Korea, Thailand and Vietnam.



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